Main page

Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main page

Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main page

Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main page

Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main page

Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main page

Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main page

Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main page

Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

 

 

 

Butterfly host plants:

By plant

This plant list includes butterflies that could be expected to be found in Southern Ontario (and therefore the surrounding areas in north eastern part of N. America). The list does not include butterflies restricted to holoarctic areas further North. Some of the plants on this list are highly unsuitable for gardens (such as Laportea, which have leaves that sting) or are exotic to Canada. Before attempting to grow any of these plants, make sure that they fit the ecology of your local area.

Actaea racemosa - Black Cohosh Spring Azure
Althea rosea - Hollyhock Checkered Skipper
Anaphalis margaritacea - Pearly Everlasting native American Painted Lady
Andropogon gerardii - Big Bluestem native Delaware skipper and Dusted skipper
Antennaria plantaginifolia - Pussy Toes native American Painted Lady
Anethum graveolens Eastern Black Swallowtail
Antirrhinum majus - Snapdragon Buckeye
Asclepias sp. - Milkweed native Monarch
Aquilegia canadensis - Columbine native Columbine Duskywing
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Bearberry native Brown Elfin
Aristolochia sp. - Pipevine Pipevine Swallowtail
Asimina triloba - Pawpaw native Zebra Swallowtail
Aster sp. native Silvery Crescentspot, Harris Checkerspot
Baptisia sp. - Wild Indigo native Wild Indigo Duskywing, Frosted Elfin
Carex sp. - Sedge native Eyed Brown, Appalachian Brown, Two Spotted Skipper, Dun Skipper, Mulberry Wing, Broad-Winged Skipper, Dion Skipper, Black Dash
Ceanothus - New Jersey Teanative Mottled Duskywing, Summer Azure
Celtis sp. - Hackberry Tree native American Snout, Question Mark, Morning Cloak (Camberwell Beauty), Hackberry Emperor, Tawny Emperor
Centaurea sp - Bachelors Buttons Painted Lady
Cercis canadensis - Redbud native Henry's Elfin
Chelone glabra - Turtlehead native Baltimore Checkerspot
Cimifuga racemosa - Black Cohosh native Spring Azure
Cirsium sp. - Thistle (a few species are native native) Painted Lady
Cleome spinosa Checkered White
Cornus sp. - Dogwood native Spring Azure
Corylus sp. native Early Hairstreak
Crataegus sp. - Hawthorne native Striped Hairstreak, Southern Hairstreak, White Admiral, Hickory Hairstreak
Dactylis glomerata - Orchard grass European Skipper
Dalea purpurea native Painted Lady
Daucus carota - Queen Anne's Lace Eastern Black Swallowtail
Dentaria diphylla - Toothwort native West Virginia White
Desmodium - Tick Trefoil native Eastern Tailed Blue, Silver Spotted Skipper, Hoary Edge, Wild Indigo Dusky Wing
Digitaria sanguinalis - Crabgrass Indian Skipper, Northern Broken-Dash, Sachem
Elymus repens - Creeping wild rye European Skipper
Eragrostis - Tumblegrass Leonardus Skipper
Erianthus sp. - Woolly Beardgrass native Delaware Skipper
Eriophorum spissum - Cottongrass native Jutta Arctic
Fagus grandifolia - American Beech native Early Hairstreak

Festuca sp. native

Chryxus Arctic, Common Branded Skipper, Indian Skipper
Foeniculum vulgare - Dill Black Swallowtail
Fraxinus sp. - Ash Tree native Tiger Swallotail, Hickory Hairstreak, Baltimore Checkerspot
Gaylussacia - Huckleberry native Henry's Elfin
Gleditsia triacanthos- Honey Locust Tree native Silver-Spotted Skipper
Glycyrrhiza - Wild Licorice native Silver-Spotted Skipper
Helianthus sp. - Sunflower native Silvery Crescentspot, Painted Lady
Humulus sp. - Hops native Question Mark, Comma, Red Admiral, Grey Hairstreak
Ilex - Holly native Striped Hairstreak
Juglans cinerea - Butternut native Banded Hairstreak and Hickory Hairstreak
Juniperus - Juniper native Juniper Hairstreak
Laportea canadensis- Wood Nettle native Eastern Comma and Red Admiral
Lathyrus- Wild Pea ( a few species native) Eastern Tailed Blue and Silvery Blue
Lespedeza - Bush Clover native Eastern Tailed Blue and Hoary Edge
Lindera benzoin - Spicebush native Spicebush Swallowtail and Promethea Moth
Linum - Flax native Variegated Fritillary
Liriodendron tulipifera - Tulip Tree native Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Lolium - Ryegrass Common Branded Skipper
Lotus sp. - Trefoil Silvery Blue
Lupinus - Lupine native

Frosted Elfin, Silvery Blue, Karner Blue, Persius Duskywing

Malus - Apple native Brown Elfin, Red Spotted Purple and Viceroy
Malva rotundifolia Common Sootywing
Medicago sativa - Alfalfa Orange Sulphur and Melissa Blue
Menispermum canadense - Canada moonseed native Variegated fritillary
Muhlenbergia sp. - Dropseed native Northern Pearly Eye
Oryza sativa - Rice Edith's checkerspot
Oxyria digyna - Mountain sorrel native American Copper
Oxytropis sp. native Melissa Blue (rare)
Panicum sp. - Switch grass native Least skipper,Leonard's skipper, Indian skipper, Tawny-edged skipper, Northern broken dash, Delaware skipper, Broad-winged skipper.
Parietaria sp. - Pellitory native Red Admiral
Passiflora incarnata - Passion flower Variegated fritillary
Phaseolus - Beans Eastern tailed blue, Silver spotted skipper
Phleum pratense - Timothy European skipper
Pinus sp. - Pines native Eastern Pine Elfin
Plantago sp. - Plantains (A few species are native) Variegated fritillary
Poa sp. - Bluegrass native Least skipper, Common branded skipper, Long dash skipper, Pepper and salt skipper, Common roadside skipper
Polygonum - knotweeds (many species are native) Bronze copper,Purplish copper, Bog fritillary
Populus sp - Poplars native Compton tortoiseshell, Mourning cloak, White admiral,Viceroy, Dreamy duskywing, Persius duskywing (rare)
Potentilla fruticosa native Dorcas copper, Purplish copper
Prunus sp. - Cherries native Tiger swallowtail, Henry's elfin, Striped hairstreak, Coral hairstreak, Viceroy,
Quercus sp. - Oaks native Banded hairstreak, Edward's hairstreak, Striped hairstreak, Northern hairstreak, Gray hairstreak, Sleepy duskywing, Juvenal's duskywing, Horace's duskywing (rare migrant).
Rhododendron sp. (some native) Hoary Comma
Ribes sp. - Currants native Hoary Comma
Robinia pseudoacacia native Silver spotted skipper
Rudbeckia sp. - Yellow Coneflower native Silvery checkerspot and Gorgone checkerspot.
Rumex sp. - Sorrel or Dock American copper and Bronze copper
Ruta graveolens - Rue Eastern black swallowtail
Salix - Willow native Acadian hairstreak, Striped hairstreak, Bog fritillary, Arctic fritillary, Green comma, Compton tortoiseshell, Mourning cloak (Camberwell Beauty), White admiral, Viceroy, Dreamy duskywing and Persius duskywing,
Sassafras native Spicebush swallowtail
Schizachyrium scoparium - Little blue stem native Ottoe skipper, Indian Skipper, Crossline Skipper and Dusted Skipper
Scirpus Mcyperinus - Woolgrass native Dion skipper
Sedum lanceolatum - Stonecrop native Variegated fritillary
Sida hermaphrodita - Virginia mallownative Common chequered skipper
Sisymbrium officinale - Hedge mustard Olympia marblewing
Sorghastrum sp. - Indian grass native Pepper and salt skipper
Spiraea sp native - Steeplebush or Hardhack or Meadowsweet Eastern tailed blue
Stellaria sp. - Chickweed Dwarf yellow
Tagetes sp. - Marigold Dwarf yellow
Thlaspi arvense - Field pennycress Veined white
Tridens flavus Common wood nymph, Crossline skipper, Dun skipper and Little Glassywing
Trifolium sp. - Clover Reakirt's Blue
Ulmus sp. native - Elm trees Question Mark, Eastern comma, Hoary Comma and Mourning Cloak
Uniola latifola native - River oats Pepper and Salt Skipper and Roadside Skipper
Urtica sp. native - Stinging nettle Eastern Comma, Red Admiral and Milbert's Tortoiseshell
Zanthoxylum americanum native - Prickly Ash Giant Swallowtail
Zizia sp. native Black swallowtail

 

By butterfly:

 

Butterfly Hostplants
   
Hesperids - Skippers  
Checkered Skipper Hibiscus, Hollyhock (Alcea), Mallow (Malva) and Prairie Mallow (Sidalcea)
Fiery Skipper (and many other skippers) Grasses
Silver Spotted Skipper Locust
   
Lycaenids - Coppers  
Sping Azure Cornus (Dogwood), Viburnum, Ceanothus americanus (New Jersey Tea), Vaccinium (Blueberry)
Bronze Copper Dock (Rumex)
Small Copper Sheep Sorrel and Curled Dock (Both Rumex)
Gray Hairstreak A variety of wildflowers
   
Nymphalids - Brushfoots  
Harris Checkerspot Asters
Monarch Milkweeds (Asclepias)
Baltimore Checkerspot Turtlehead (Chelone)
Variegated Fritillary Violet (Viola) and Plantain (Plantago)
Buckeye Plantain (Plantago), Snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and Toadflax (Linaria)
White Admiral or Red-Spotted Purple Birch, Willow and Poplar trees
Viceroy Willow and Poplar trees
Compton Tortoiseshell Aspen, Birch and Willow trees
Milberts Tortoiseshell

Nettles (Urtica)

Mourning Cloak (Camberwell Beauty) Willow, Elm and Poplar trees
Pearl Crescentspot Asters
Comma Hops (Humulus) and Nettles (Urtica)
Question Mark Elm and Hackberry trees; Hops (Humulus)
Great Spangled Fritillary Violet (Viola)
Red Admiral Nettles (Urtica)
Painted Lady Thistle (Cirsium), Mallow (Malva) and Hollyhock (Althea)
American Painted Lady Pearly Everlasting (Anaphilis) and Pussy Toes (Antennaria)
   
Papilionidae - Swallotails  
Giant Swallowtail Citrus fruits (Citrus), Gas plant (Dictamnus albus) and Prickly Ashes (Zanthoxylum)
Tiger Swallowtail Wild Cherry (Prunus), Tulip tree (Liriodendron), Ashes (Fraxinus), Birches (Betula), Willow (Salix) and Cottonwood (Populus)
Pipevine Swallowtail Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia), Knotweed (Polygonum) and Wild Ginger (Asarum)
Black Swallowtail Parsley, Dill, Fennel, Queen Anne's Lace, Carrot, Alexanders and Caraway
Spicebush Swallowtail Spicebush (Lindera) and Sassafras (Sassafras)
   
Pierids - Whites and Sulphurs  
Orange Sulphur Alfalfa, Vetches and Clover
Clouded Sulphur Clover (Trifolium), Lupins (Lupinus) and other legumes.
Sleepy Orange Wild Senna (Cassia)
Cloudless Sulphur Wild Senna (Cassia) and Clover (Trifolium)
Veined White Crucifers (Brassicaceae)
European Cabbage White Cabbage, Broccoli, Brussel sprouts, Radish and Nasturtium.