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Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

Fragaria sp. (Wild Strawberry)

Fragaria flower

Fragaria virginiana

Zone: 5 to 9

Soil: Sand to clay

Light: Full sun to shade

Bloom colour: White

Bloom period: Early summer

Height: 8 inches

Moisture: Dry to medium

Attracts: A small number of bees when in flower and birds when in fruit.

Notes: Fragaria is an early season wildlife plant. It is most effective as a wildlife plant when it covers a large area in a sunny part of the garden.

Wild strawberry is a groundcover easily identified by its leaves of three and it is a rampant spreader. It sends out runners over 2 feet long, but its low height prevents it from dominating other plants. In my own garden, it is not the most attractive plant to wildlife (my patch is too small and is not in the sunniest location), but it is reported to feed a wide range of insects, birds and small mammals. There are two species in Ontario. Fragaria virginiana is planted in sunny spots while Fragaria vesca is planted in shadier spots. They both tolerate dryness fairly well.