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Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

Lily (Lilium sp.)

(memengwaanh-onaagaans and wenabozho-obikwak)

Lilium canadense flower

Zone: 5 to 7 (See notes below)

Soil: Sand to clay

Light: Full sun to part sun

Bloom colour: Yellow, orange and red

Bloom period: summer

Height: Up to 6 feet (see species notes)

Moisture: medium to wet

Attracts: Not assessed

Notes:

Everyone likes lilies because of their huge and striking flowers, but it is rare to see gardens planted with native specimens. Generally I see Asiatic species here in Canada, which is a shame because the species native to Ontario are beautiful indeed. Lilies have very large flowers that are surrounded by 3 outer and 3 inner tepals. The six conspicuous stamens are covered with copious amounts of orange red pollen. The canada lily is yellow with somewhat recurved tepals while the Michigan lily has orange-red tepals that are far more recurved.

Generally lilies prefer moisture, but Lilium phildelphicum is the most drought tolerant can be planted in a wider variety of conditions. It grows naturally in mountain regions and on alvars where it is subject to periodic drought. Due to its slow growth, it needs tender loving care for the first few years. Lilium canadense and Lilium michiganense need consistently moist soil. The easiest to grow is Lilium canandense and this is where I would begin if you are starting your foray into growing Lilies.

L. canadense, michiganense and philadelphicum grow to about 6 feet, 4 feet and 2 feet respectively, so they need to be positioned in the appropriate part of the flower bed. Try them also in containers.

The biggest headache with growing any Lily is the introduction into N. America of the horrible faeces-covered Lily beetle that will eat the plant down till there is nothing left. This means that these plants have to be constantly monitored in the garden. You cannot miss these beetles or the larvae because they are bright red.

Lilium canadense
Llium canadense
Lilium canadense
Lilium canadense
Lilium canadense
Lilium michiganense
Lilium michiganense
 
Close up of Lilium stamens
Lilium canadense