Zone: 3 to 8
Soil: sand to loam
Light: Part shade to full shade
Bloom colour: White and yellow
Bloom period: August
Height: 1 foot
Notes: It is one of the most beautiful native plants growing in Ontario, yet it is rare to find this plant in a garden. Bloodroot is native to the eastern half of the United States and Canada. It emerges quite early and is one of the first plants to bloom. The large white flowers with yellow centres will brighten up your garden and the 2 week blooming period will seem all too brief. The flowers, which only produce pollen, will attract spring bees such as Osmia and Andrena.
The large and fleshy leaves are distinctive and will continue to provide additional interest after flowering. The plant is ephemeral and in nature the leaves disappear by mid summer; however, if you provide regular watering, the foliage in your garden may remain visible until the end of August. Each year, a few more leaves grow and the patch will get bigger and more spectacular.
If you are setting up a woodland garden, then bloodroot should be made a highlight with regular repeated patches at the front of the bed. It is best to plant it in an area with reasonable drainage where it can get a little bit of sunshine before the trees leaf out. If you put Bloodroot in your garden, it is inevitable that you will fall in love with this plant and look forward to the flowers every spring.