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Setting up a wildlife garden

Plants for butterflies

Plants for bees

Plants for hummingbirds

Plants for birds

Plant map

 

 

 

Flowers for springtime

I was asked what bulb plants are native. The person was somewhat surprised when I pointed out that hardly any bulb plants in box stores are native. Wild Onion and Wild Hyacinth are native bulb plants that come to mind. However, the purpose of the question was to get a list of plants that flower in the spring. All of these plants flower in May and June. If you are providing flowers for bees and butterflies, it is worth remembering that your garden should be weighted towards flowering during August and early September when many bee populations are at their maximum. Many plants that flower in spring would naturally be found in woodlands where plants take advantage of the available light energy before trees have completely leafed out.

  Claytonia virginiana  
  Claytonia virginiana is an ephemeral like several other spring flowering plants  

 

Name Notes
Actaea rubra native A native plant that does well in rich well-drained and moist soil. It has limited wildlife value.
Adlumia fungosa Native vine that bears some resemblance to bleeding hearts
Amsonia tabernaemontana This plant is native to southern USA. It attracts a variety of insects and possible hummingbirds.
Anemone patens native Attracts some bees for their pollen. It is the state flower of Manitoba. It does well with drainage.
Anemone quinquefolia native A groundcover that does well in moist soil.
Antennaria plantaginifolia native Does well in dry soil and is a host plant for butterflies.
Aquilegia canadensis native An excellent early season plant for hummingbirds.
Arisaema triphyllum native  
Aruncus dioicus Requires moist soil.
Asarum candense native Grows well in rich soils. A good ground cover.
Baptisia sp. native All Baptisia in the region are spring flowers. Baptisia australis and tinctoria are Canadian species. They are quite tall and grow fast when they spring forth.
Caltha palustris native Needs rich moist soils. Has noticeable flowers.
Camassia scilloides native A wild hyacinth that does well in moist rich soil.
Caulophyllum thalictroides A woodland wildflower that is probably not that suited for gardens.
Claytonia virginiana native Needs rich moist soils. It will go dormant after seeding.
Cornus canadensis native Produces berries for birds. Likes rich moist soils.
Dentaria sp. A host plant for the West Virginia white. Needs shady moist soil.
Dicentra canadensis native Good for moist soils.
Dicentra cucullaria native Good for moist soils.
Dicentra eximia Likes moist soils. Has a long flowering season.
Fragaria virginiana native A fairly tought fast growing ground cover.
Geum rivale native Does well in wet or moist soil and full sun.
Geum triflorum native Does well in dry soil and full sun.
Geranium maculatum native Good for shady soils on the drier side.
Linnaea borealis native A late spring plant that needs moist soils.
Lupinus perennis native A late spring plant for sunny dry soils.
Maianthemum canadense native A late spring plant that does well in high humidity.
Mertensia virginica native Prefers rich moist soils.
Phlox divaricata native Likes partial shade and rich soils.
Polemonium reptans native Does well in moist partial shade. Bees quite like it.
Polygonatum biflorum native Tolerant of a range of soils and does well in shade.
Polygonatum pubescens native Tolerant of a range of soils and does well in shade.
Sanguinaria canadensis native Large flowers with interesting leaves that will go dormant.
Silene virginica native Grows in woods and most likely pollinated by hummingbirds.
Viola canadensis native A host plant for fritillaries.
Zizia sp. native Two species that are good for bees and are host plants for the Black swallowtail.